SAP PP & PM Integration in Capacity Planning

SAP- PP/PM Integration for the Capacity Planning.

1.    Capacity Planning
•    The capacity planning is a standard functionality in SAP to monitor the capacity like machine, labor etc in the System.
•    The capacity planning is used in different modules but more importantly the Production and planning
    utilize this functionality to ensure that a smooth demand is placed over the available capacity during  

 planning. Also  a periodic evaluation is being done to ensure there is under or over utilization of the    capacities.
•    In the production planning module, in case if a particular work center is identified as bottle neck work center then it is very important to maintain, manage and monitor the load of that work center. Based on the requirement the PP module can go for the finite or infinite capacity planning.
•    The capacity planning can be done during the planned order creation or production order creation.
2.    PP/ PM Integration Business Case for Capacity Planning

•    In many cases the machines or work center which is being used by the production also needs to be maintained for their preventive maintenance. It is important for the shop floor production people during planning to be aware of the maintenance schedule.
•     SAP Plant maintenance module helps to display this planned shutdown of machines in the PP capacity planning cycle.
•    So this helps the planner to ensure that there is no production is being planned or discuss with the Plant maintenance team about the action being taken on the machines.
•    This document helps to achieve this PP / PM integration         
3.    PM – Preventive Maintenance:
•    The preventive maintenance planning is standard functionality in the SAP module, which helps to plan and execute the planned maintenance for the Work Center.
4.    Advantages of this Integration
•    The planner will be able to identify the planned maintenance that is coming up for the WC
•     In case of if the production planning is not able to shut down the machine during the particular period, it can be discussed with the PM department to postpone or find alternate date for the planned maintenance.
•    Avoid delays in the production planning.
5.    PP Master Data
•    No specific master data is required.
•    General Master data to execute a discrete or REM scenario to be maintained.
•    The WC needs to have capacity planning.
•    The routing / rate routing has the required set up to generate the capacity.
6.    PP Business Flow for Capacity Planning
•    When the MPR is run the capacity is build for the planned order in the capacity planning table.
•    Regular capacity planning to be done with CM25 to view the Maintenance order
7.    PM Master data
•    A equipment is created with the PP – Work center.
•    A Task list is created for this equipment
•    A maintenance plan to be created for the task list.
•    The maintenance plan to be scheduled periodically.
8.    PM Business Flow for Maintenance order.
•    As the maintenance plan is scheduled periodically the call is getting generated for the maintenance order as per the schedule.
•    Once the work order is generated the capacity requirements will be generated for this order in the capacity planning.
•    The system condition is to be maintained as NOT in operation in the  Work order. 

   9.    PP Capacity Planning Table without PM Work order integration.
•    Evaluate the capacity planning in the CM25 Transaction
•    In this capacity planning table only the Production Planning order are displayed.
•    No PM Work order is displayed.

  10.    PP Capacity Planning Table with PM order integration.
•    In this capacity planning table you can find the PM Work order displayed in the top.( Black color tab)
•    When the planner tries to dispatch the Production order to this particular period, it will be moved to the next/ previous available capacity based on the strategy.
•    In case if the production department needs to use this day for production then the  maintenance work order has to be moved out of this time line, which can be done by rescheduling the maintenance Work order

Note: Feel free to add your comments.

Capacity Planning error during Prod order creation in Finite scheduling.

Message no. CY298
No reqmts/caps exists or not relevant to finite scheduling

Assign capacities to the work centers affected by the order.
Set the indicator Relevant to finite scheduling at the capacities in the work centers affected. ******************************************************************************

Message no. C2053
Operation does not have capacity requirements
Check the operation and the corresponding work center.
There are no capacities defined at the work center at which the operation is carried.
The control key of the operation specifies that no capacity requirementsare created.
The operation has not been scheduled.

When i faced the  above errors i checked all the above procedure and interestingly , the capacity requirement calculations Formula key did not  have the selection fo the check box in the 
work center is allowed for capacity requirements.

After maintaining this  i was able to  generate the capacity for the production orders and same displayed in all the evaluation T.codes.

Capacity Planning – 1 Default Profile

Generally in the capacity planning, we have a Overall profile.

1.SAP generally assigns a default overall profile.

1.1.To view the Overall profile, follow the below path

CM25>In the Graphical Display screen > Settting >Dispaly profile.

2. In case if you need to change the default profile,then you need to perform the below action

  2.1. Set the parameter in the SU3.
  2.2. For example in case of REm you can set the parameter as KP3 = ‘Your Profile’
  2.3. For all other overall profiles SEt/GEt value refer the below link Link